Aryabhat: The Real Founder of Pi

Aryabhat: The Real Founder of Pi

Hey there, curious minds! 

Today, we're going to delve into the intriguing world of pi (π) and its historical significance. Imagine we're taking a journey back in time, about 1500 years ago, to meet the brilliant mathematician Aryabhat. He's the one who first calculated the value of pi accurately. 

Let's explore this mathematical marvel together.

Table of Contents

Pi: What Is It, Anyway?

Pi, often represented by the Greek letter π, is a magical number in the world of mathematics. But what exactly is it? Well, it's the ratio between the diameter and the circumference of a circle. In simpler terms, if you measure around a circle and then divide it by how wide the circle is across, you get pi!

Pi in the Past

Now, let's rewind the clock a bit. Back in the day, when Aryabhat was doing his math wizardry, things were a tad different. People didn't call it "pi," and they didn't have fancy calculators. Instead, they estimated the value of pi as the square root of 10. But hold on, what's the square root? Let's break it down:

  • When you multiply a number by itself, you get its square root. For example, 2 × 2 equals 4, so 2 is the square root of 4.

Aryabhat's Pi Revelation

Now, here's where Aryabhat comes into play. He didn't just settle for rough approximations. No way! He wanted the real deal. In his work, called the "Aryabhattiya," he gave an approximate value of pi in a poetic and intriguing way:

Chaturadhikam Shatmashtagunam Dwashashtisthta Sahsranam
Ayutdvayanishkambhsyasanno Vrittaparinahaha.
                                                                                           —(Aryabhattiya – 10)

It might sound like a spell from a fantasy novel, but it's Aryabhat's way of saying that if the diameter of a circle is 20,000 units, then its circumference will be approximately 62,832 units. Pretty cool, right?

Image to show the thought of Aryabhatta

Aryabhat's Quest for Precision

Here's the kicker: Aryabhat didn't claim his value was absolutely pure and exact. He knew it was an approximation, but he cared deeply about finding the truth. He was determined to get as close to the real value of pi as he could with the tools and knowledge of his time. This shows how insistent he was about truth.

Aryabhat's Legacy

Aryabhat's work didn't stay hidden in the sands of time. 

Abul Fazal, a minister in Akbar's court, wrote about the discoveries of his era in his book "Ain-i-Akbari." He revealed that the Greeks were unaware that Hindus like Aryabhat had uncovered the mysterious relationship between a circle's diameter and its circumference. 

In essence, Aryabhat was the first to discuss the value of pi, and his legacy continues to inspire mathematicians to this day. Aryabhat is supposed to be the first man to talk about the value of pi.


So, there you have it, a glimpse into the incredible journey of pi through history, as seen by Aryabhat. Remember, math isn't just about numbers; it's about the quest for understanding the mysteries of our universe. Who knows what other mathematical wonders are waiting to be discovered?

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